2cy June (male). A bird that arrested the pre-breeding moult, showing retained SS that allows a better specified ageing. Retained SS are of juvenile type, and usually stands out as being bleached and rather worn (even though inner SS are among the more protected feathers of the wing). Tips of juvenile SS are usually pale but may have worn off. Note that the general pattern of the juvenile SS does not necessarily have to differ much from adjacent moulted SS of adult type.