2cy April (male). Like in all birds (regarless of age) inner GC are fresh pre-breeding, dense and show typical black-and-white pattern. Relevant for ageing, outer GC1-4 are still juvenile, reckognized by being worn and pale brownish. Note that the white wedge shaped tips seen in juvenile GC during the autumn are less obvious on the outer GC, and since these are the only juvenile GC still left in spring, the character is less straight forward to use by then. [CP44949]