After completion of post-juvenile moult, readily sexed based on the pattern/colour of LC/MC and head/body.
Male, 1cy, October. MC and lower LC nearly all white, forming a large, unbroken and close to pure white patch on the upper wing. [1ES79588]
Male, 1cy, October. Rusty pinkish-red underparts and face/ear-c is clearly shown also by young males. Crown blueish-grey, in fresh plumage generally concealed by brownish feather tips. [1ES79692]
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