After completion of post-juvenile moult, readily sexed based on the pattern/colour of LC and head.
Male, 1cy, October. Pattern of LC very variable, and the bird shown here is darker (more female-like) than average. Smaller (frontal) LC largely coloured in vivid orange with varying degree of dark spotting (many 1cy male show very few spots and are rather similar to adult males). [1ET80898]
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